Did you know?
· Preterm births occur in about 12 percent of all pregnancies in the U.S. It is one of the top causes of infant death in this country.
· 1 in 10 premature babies will develop a permanent disability such as lung disease, cerebral palsy, blindness or deafness.
· 50% of premature babies born before the 26th week of gestation are disabled, a quarter severely so.
Premature infants may face a number of health challenges, including:
· Low birth weight
· Breathing problems because of underdeveloped lungs
· Underdeveloped organs or organ systems
· Greater risk for life-threatening infections
· Greater risk for a serious lung condition, known as respiratory distress syndrome
· Greater risk for cerebral palsy (CP)
· Greater risk for Autism
· Greater risk for learning and developmental disabilities
James Elgin Gill (born on 20 May 1987 in Ottawa, Canada) was the earliest premature baby in the world. He was 128 days premature (21 weeks and 5 days gestation) and weighed 1 lb. 6 oz. (624 g). He survived and is quite healthy.
Amillia Taylor is also often cited as the most-premature baby. She was born on 24 October 2006 in Miami, Florida, at 21 weeks and 6 days gestation. At birth she was 9 inches (23 cm) long and weighed 10 ounces (283 grams). She suffered digestive and respiratory problems, together with a brain hemorrhage. She was discharged from the Baptist Children’s Hospital on 20 February 2007.
The record for the smallest premature baby to survive was held for some time by Madeline Mann, who was born at 26 weeks weighing 9.9 oz (280 g) and 9.5 inches (24 cm) long. This record was broken in September 2004 by Rumaisa Rahman, who was born in the same hospital at 25 weeks gestation. At birth she was eight inches (20 cm) long and weighed 244 grams (8.6 ounces). Her twin sister was also a small baby, weighing 563 grams (1 pound 4 ounces) at birth.